English Version

Novosibirsk young programmers schools

Lidiya Vasilyevna Gorodnyaya
Candidate of physical and mathematical sciences
Senior research fellow
Institute of informatics Systems of the SB RAS
Prospekt Lavrentieva, 6, Novosibirsk, 630090
Phone 3306470
Tatyana Ivanovna Tikhonova
Research fellow
Institute of informatics Systems of the SB RAS
Prospekt Lavrentieva, 6, Novosibirsk, 630090
Phone 3306470

When in comes to school informatics, one certainly recalls the name of Andrei Ershov, whose energy and charm guided the first steps in the movement for computer literacy.
In the mid-70s Ershov resolutely supported the founders of the Summer Schools of Young Programmers in Novosibirsk. The Schools would be unimaginable without the first associates of Andrei Ershov. Nina Sadovskaya, a Computing Center postgraduate, and Samuil Literat, head of the teaching department of the School #130 in Akademgorodok, organized and conducted the first Summer School of Young Programmers. They were eagerly joined by Yuri Pervin, who passed the enthusiasm of the Novosibirsk school to Pereslavl-Zalessky and lit up the Roboltand University there.
About a year later Ershov invited Gennady Zvenigorodskiy to Novosibirsk from Kharkov, who took up the organization of the Young Programmers School (ShYuP, Shkola Yunykh Programmistov). He created the first educational programming environment, called Shkolnitsa, and selected the key ideas of Robik and Rapira languages that eventually spread all over the country thanks to the wide representation of Soviet cities in the Novosibirsk programming school. Soon after Nina Yunerman, presently the head of the Chair of Informatics in the Special Research and Education Center of the Yekaterinburg State University, moved to Novosibirsk. She extended the Summer School with the Vocative School, published in the KVANT magazine, whose best students were invited to Novosibirsk in summer.
Within the structure of the SB AS Computing Centers Experimental Informatics Department there was founded the first research subdivision with the purpose of formulating the conceptions and developing school informatics software the Elementary Informatics Group. The guidance seminar PC and the study process was started in the Computing Center for the purpose of unification of education with the scientific potential. The ShYuP system, Shkolnitsa, the first textbook in informatics, the first computer study room in School #166 in Akademgorodok made up of the Soviet-built Agat PCs were parts of a whole the emerging and rapidly developing school informatics.
The Summer School has a lot to be proud of. Among the teachers much loved by the children who at the same time were world-famous figures were A. Terekhov, N. Brovina, L. Sternberg and others.
The Summer School raised and gave a start in life to a great number of programming specialists, who successfully work in the leading research institutes of the SB RAS, and computer and software companies such as Microsoft, Intel, Excelsior, etc.
The early education in informatics, which showed its best in the intensive period of the Summer Schools, illustrates the multiple advantages of this approach. One cannot but mention the skill of naturally and softly use the human factor of working in a team while interacting with the outer world (what later became workshops), concentrating on teamwork under external orders. Another advantage was the chance to communicate with the whole world thanks to the many participants from other cities and countries (Summer Schools with international membership: Czech SSR, Bulgaria, Poland, DDR, France, Hungary). Summer Schools hosted people whose presence and company was a dream; John McCarthys visit is an example.
The pedagogical conception of the Summer School proved its opulence with an almost 30-year history. SB RAS Institute of Informatics Systems cherishes the traditions of Andrei Ershovs school and develops the successful experience of pre-professional programming education of talented youths.

2006 |